Male Rao Holkar [1745-1767 AD]: Names of Wife & Son | Death Reason


In this article, we explore the intriguing life and legacy of Male Rao Holkar, a prominent figure in Indian history. We’ll investigate key aspects such as his untimely demise, and the circumstances surrounding his death, and shed light on his family, including his wives Mainabai and Pirtabai, as well as his son Malerao Khanderao Holkar.

Join us on this journey to uncover the story of Male Rao Holkar and gain insights into the events that shaped his remarkable existence, including details about his child.

Who was Male Rao Holkar?

Male Rao Holkar was a prominent figure in the history of the Holkar dynasty and the Maratha Empire in India. However, he ruled for only 1 year, but in this time period, he expanded the kingdom and strengthened its military.

Moreover, he also contributed significantly to Indore’s cultural and intellectual life, patronizing scholars and erecting temples and other cultural institutions.

NameMale Rao Holkar
Born in1745
DynastyHolkar Dynasty
Male Rao’s FatherKhande Rao Holkar
Male Rao’s MotherAhilyabai Holkar
GrandparentsMalhar Rao Holkar, Mankoji Shinde, Gautama Bai Sahib Holkar
AuntsUdabai, Santubai, Seetabai
Died in1767
Male Rao Holkar

History of Male Rao Holkar

Male Rao Holkar was born in 1745 as the only son of Khande Rao Holkar Bahadur and Ahilya Bai Holkar. At the time, his father, Khande Rao Holkar Bahadur was the ruler of Indore and his mother Ahilya Bai Holkar was a strong and capable ruler in her own right, and she served as her son’s regent during his minority.


Further, his mother was well-known for her intelligence, and administrative abilities, and she had a significant impact on Malerao’s education and development.

When his father died in 1766, he inherited the throne of Indore. His mother, Ahilya Bai Holkar, was a strong and capable ruler in her own right, and she served as her son’s regent during his minority.

She had a significant impact on her son’s education and growth, and she instilled in him a strong sense of responsibility for his people and his kingdom.

However, several obstacles to Ahilya Bai’s rule existed during her reign, such as insurrections and invasions by other kingdoms. She was able to successfully overcome these obstacles and uphold the kingdom’s peace and prosperity, though.

When Male Rao Holkar came of age and took the throne, he continued his mother’s work of expanding the kingdom and strengthening its military. Additionally, he continued to support academics and create cultural institutions, which aided in making Indore a hub for education and culture.

Wives of Male Rao Holkar


Following are the wives of male rao holkar:

  • Mainabai
  • Pirtabai

Mainabai and Pirtabai were the wives of Male Rao Holkar. Their unwavering support and grace defined an era of the Holkar dynasty. Together, they left an indelible mark on history.

Overview of Ahilyabai Holkar

Story of Ahilyabai Holkar

Ahilyabai Holkar was a remarkable queen from India who ruled the state of Indore from 1767 to 1795. She was born in 1725 in a small village in Maharashtra and was married to Khanderao Rao Holkar at a young age. After her husband’s death, she took over the reins of her kingdom and proved to be a wise and able ruler.

She was known for her administrative abilities, her deep concern for her subjects, and her commitment to justice and fairness.

During her reign, Ahilyabai Holkar initiated a number of reforms that transformed her kingdom. She built many new temples, public buildings, and roads, and was a patron of the arts and literature.


She also promoted trade and commerce, which led to economic prosperity for her people. Despite facing many challenges, including invasions by neighboring kingdoms and rebellions by her own nobles, she was able to maintain peace and order in her kingdom.

Ahilyabai Holkar’s legacy is still remembered today. She is regarded as one of the greatest queens in Indian history, and her reign is seen as a golden age of prosperity and progress for her people. She remains a symbol of women’s empowerment and leadership in India, and her life and achievements continue to inspire people around the world.

Challenges for Male Rao Holkar

Male Rao Holkar faced many challenges during his reign:

  • Conflicts with neighboring states were one of his biggest problems.
  • The stability and prosperity of the Holkar Kingdom were threatened by conflicts and power struggles with other local kingdoms, which he had to deal with
  •  Further, he also had to deal with the British East India Company’s growing influence and power.
  • Moreover, the autonomy and sovereignty of the Holkar State were in danger due to this strong entity’s significant presence in India.
  • But, Male Rao Holkar managed to keep his kingdom prosperous and stable in spite of these challenges.
  • He was a capable and skillful ruler who was able to negotiate the convoluted political environment of the day and defend his kingdom from outside threats.

Contributions of Malhar Rao Holkar

  • Expansion of Maratha Power: Malhar Rao Holkar was a key figure in expanding the Maratha Confederacy’s power and influence through his military conquests.
  • Strong Alliances: Holkar was known for building strong alliances with other Maratha Sardars, further solidifying the Confederacy’s power.
  • Administrative Reforms: He introduced innovative reforms in governance that improved administration and strengthened the Maratha Confederacy’s hold on its territories.
  • Support for the Arts: Holkar was a patron of the arts and literature and is credited with developing Indore into a thriving cultural and economic center.
  • Relations with the Mughal Empire: Holkar was able to balance cooperation with the Mughal Empire with the protection of Maratha interests.
  • Legacy in Indore: Holkar’s impact on regional identity and culture is still felt in Indore today, where his legacy is celebrated through various monuments, festivals, and cultural events.
  • Military Conquests: Holkar fought against the Mughal Empire and other kingdoms, gaining valuable territory and resources for the Maratha Confederacy.
  • Cultural Patronage: Holkar’s legacy of cultural patronage has had a lasting impact on the region of Indore and on the cultural landscape of India.

Death of Male Rao Holkar

Male Rao Holkar was a young and promising ruler of the Holkar dynasty who died in 1767 at the age of 22, leaving no direct descendants. Despite his short time on the throne, he is remembered as a capable and visionary leader who worked tirelessly to strengthen and expand the Holkar dynasty.

After his untimely death, his mother, Ahilyabai Holkar, was appointed as the regent until the next heir of the dynasty could be identified. Male Rao Holkar’s legacy as a just and efficient ruler continues to be celebrated in Indian history and his contributions to the growth and development of the Holkar dynasty are widely acknowledged.


In conclusion, Malhar Rao Holkar was a remarkable figure in Indian history who left behind a lasting legacy. He played a crucial role in strengthening the Maratha Confederacy and expanding its power and influence.

Holkar’s contributions to administrative reforms, support for the arts and culture, and building strong alliances have all had a lasting impact. His legacy can still be seen today in the region of Indore, where he ruled, and in the cultural and political landscape of modern India. Holkar’s life and achievements serve as an important reminder of the power and influence of the Maratha Confederacy and its impact on Indian history.


Thank You!

Who was Male Rao Holkar?

Male Rao Holkar was born in 1745 as the only son of Khande Rao Holkar Bahadur and Ahilya Bai Holkar.

When did Male Rao Holkar Die?

Male Rao Holkar passed away in 1767 at the young age of 22. Sadly, he did not have any direct heirs to continue his legacy.

What was Male Rao Holkar known for?

Male Rao Holkar was known for expanding the kingdom through successful military campaigns and for his administrative skills and fair governance.

Who was the Mother of Male Rao Holkar?

Male Rao Holkar’s mother was Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar, the queen of the state of Indore. She was married to Malhar Rao Holkar, the founder of the Holkar dynasty and Male Rao Holkar’s father.

How many wives did Male Rao Holkar have?

Male Rao Holkar had two wives named Mainabai and Pirtabai.

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