Exim Bank: Export-Import Bank of India

The Export-Import Bank of India, commonly known as EXIM Bank, plays a pivotal role in India’s international trade and investment. Established in 1982, it serves as the principal export credit agency, facilitating India’s exports, and imports, and promoting economic growth. Further, it operates under the administrative control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, serving as the principal export credit agency of the country.

In this article, we will discuss EXIM Bank’s functions, including export credit facilities, import finance, and project financing. Understanding EXIM Bank is crucial for UPSC aspirants as it provides insights into international trade, economics, and banking sectors.

Why in News?

The government has announced a capital allocation of 1500 crore rupees to EXIM Bank, aimed at fostering new initiatives and driving economic growth. This infusion of funds will empower the bank to support trade, exports, imports, and financing of infrastructure projects, thus contributing to the nation’s development.

What is Exim Bank?

EXIM Bank, also known as the Export-Import Bank of India, is a government-owned financial institution. It helps promote India’s international trade by offering financial services like export credit, import finance, and project financing. The bank supports Indian businesses in their export and import activities, contributing to the country’s economic development.

EXIM Bank was established on January 1, 1982, with the enactment of the Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981. The formation was a response to the growing need for a specialized financial institution to cater to the requirements of India’s expanding international trade.

Objectives of Exim Bank

The main objectives of EXIM Bank are:

  • Facilitating international trade for India.
  • Providing financial support to exporters and importers.
  • Promoting project financing for infrastructure development.
  • Enhancing the competitiveness of Indian businesses in the global market.
  • Supporting bilateral trade relationships.
  • Offering trade facilitation services and market information.
  • Contributing to India’s economic growth and development.

Headquarters of Exim Bank

The headquarters of the Export-Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank) is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Also Read: World Bank

Regulatory Framework

The Export-Import Bank of India operates in adherence to various regulations and guidelines to ensure compliance and efficient functioning. The key regulatory aspects governing EXIM Bank include:

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Regulations: EXIM Bank operates under the regulatory framework established by the Reserve Bank of India, the central banking institution of India. The bank complies with the regulations and guidelines issued by RBI regarding financial operations, risk management, capital adequacy, and reporting requirements.

Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981: The operations are governed by the Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981. This act outlines the legal framework, powers, and functions of the bank, ensuring its compliance with statutory provisions related to its operations, governance, and accountability.

Government Policies and Guidelines: As a government-owned institution, EXIM Bank adheres to the policies and guidelines set by the Government of India. These policies guide the bank’s operations, strategic direction, and objectives, aligning them with the overall economic and trade policies of the country.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry Regulations: Operates under the administrative control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The bank complies with the regulations, policies, and guidelines issued by the ministry, ensuring coordination and alignment with the government’s trade and industrial development objectives.

By operating within the framework of these regulations and guidelines, the bank maintains transparency, accountability, and compliance in its operations, safeguarding the interests of its stakeholders and contributing to the smooth functioning of India’s international trade.

Exim Bank: Key Points for UPSC Revision

Important points of Exim Bank for UPSC:

  • EXIM Bank of India was established on January 1, 1982, under the Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981.
  • It operates as a statutory corporation under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The bank provides export credit facilities to Indian exporters, including pre-shipment and post-shipment financing.
  • It offers import finance to Indian importers to facilitate smooth import transactions.
  • Supports project financing for infrastructure and developmental projects in India.
  • The bank engages in trade facilitation services such as market intelligence, trade advisory, and risk assessment.
  • It actively promotes bilateral and multilateral trade relationships to expand market access for Indian businesses.
  • It operates within the regulatory framework set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and complies with government policies.
  • The bank plays a crucial role in promoting India’s international trade and contributing to economic growth.


In conclusion, the Export-Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank) plays a crucial role in promoting India’s international trade. It facilitates export and import activities, provides credit facilities, supports project financing, and offers trade facilitation services. Through its initiatives, EXIM Bank contributes to economic growth, supports businesses, and strengthens India’s global market presence.

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