Prarthana Samaj of Atmaram Pandurang: Objectives & Founder


In India’s diverse cultural and religious tapestry, various movements and groups have been instrumental in reshaping society and faith. One such influential movement is the Prarthana Samaj, which emerged in the 19th century as a force for reform.

This article explores the background, core principles, and significant impact of the Prarthana Samaj.

NamePrarthana Samaj
FounderAtmaram Pandurang
MemberMG Ranade
Founded in1867

What is Prarthana Samaj?

The Prarthana Samaj, a pivotal movement in 19th-century India, was a catalyst for religious and social reform. This organization, founded in Bombay (now Mumbai), sought to transform Hinduism and society by promoting monotheism, social equality, and interfaith dialogue.

The followers of the Prarthana Samaj did not see themselves as part of a separate sect; instead, they considered themselves as a movement within the larger Hindu community, working alongside it.

Who is the founder of Prarthana Samaj?

In 1867, Atmaram Pandurang established Prarthana Samaj in Bombay, with MG Ranade joining as a member.


Pandurang’s leadership and commitment to reform set the stage for the Prarthana Samaj to become a force for change in India. His legacy endures through the lasting impact of the movement he initiated.

Atmaram Pandurang UPSC


The following are the objectives of Prarthana Samaj:

  • Promote monotheism.
  • Eliminate caste prejudice.
  • Challenge priestly authority.
  • Drive social transformation.
  • Emphasize education.
  • Break down caste and community barriers.
  • Encourage liberal principles.
  • Raise public awareness.
  • Adopt a cautious approach to reforms.
  • Earn positive public perception.

Achievements of the Prarthana Samaj

Prarthana Samaj UPSC - Founder Atmaram Pandurang

The Prarthana Samaj achieved several significant milestones and accomplishments during its existence, contributing to religious and social reform in 19th-century India. Here are some of its notable achievements:

  1. Promotion of Monotheism: The Prarthana Samaj successfully promoted the worship of one God, emphasizing monotheism within the Hindu community. This was a significant departure from traditional polytheistic practices.
  2. Abolition of Idol Worship: The movement played a pivotal role in challenging and reducing the practice of idol worship among Hindus, advocating a more abstract and spiritual connection with the divine.
  3. Social Equality: The Samaj actively worked towards the eradication of caste distinctions and promoted social equality. They strove to eliminate untouchability and discrimination based on caste.
  4. Women’s Education: The Samaj was staunch advocate for female education, recognizing the importance of empowering women through knowledge and education.
  5. Widow Remarriage: The Samaj was at the forefront of advocating for the rights of widows to remarry, challenging deeply ingrained societal norms, and providing new opportunities for widowed women.
  6. Interfaith Dialogue: Fostered interfaith dialogue and promoted religious tolerance. It engaged in constructive conversations with leaders from various faiths, contributing to greater religious harmony.
  7. Religious Modernization: While emphasizing monotheism, the Samaj worked towards modernizing Hindu religious practices, adapting them to contemporary values while preserving their essential spiritual aspects.
  8. Community Engagement: The movement actively engaged with the community, organizing events, and programs to spread their reformist ideals, encouraging people to embrace their principles.
  9. Inspirational Force: Served as an inspiration for subsequent reform movements in India, including the Arya Samaj and the Brahmo Samaj. It provided a blueprint for future reformist efforts.
  10. Legacy: The enduring legacy of the Prarthana Samaj lies in its role in reshaping India’s cultural, religious, and social landscape. It contributed to breaking down barriers and challenging regressive practices, fostering a more inclusive and progressive society.

Also Read: Shuddhi Movement


In conclusion, Prarthana Samaj’s enduring legacy as a symbol of reform in 19th-century India continues to resonate. Its unwavering commitment to monotheism, social equality, and interfaith dialogue has left an indelible mark on India’s cultural and religious landscape.


Further, the movement’s impact, rooted in a vision of progress, endures as a source of inspiration for a more inclusive and enlightened society.

Thank You!

Who was the founder of Prarthana Samaj?

The Prarthana Samaj was founded by Dr. Atmaram Pandurang in Mumbai, India, in 1867.

When was Prarthana Samaj founded?

The Prarthana Samaj was founded in 1867.

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