Solomon Islands: Map & Geographical Features (UPSC)

The Solomon Islands, located in the South Pacific, is a stunning archipelago comprising over 900 islands. With its rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant marine life, it stands as a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. This article explores the wonders of the Solomon Islands, shedding light on its history, geography, culture, and potential for tourism.

Geographical Features of Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands, a breathtaking archipelago in the South Pacific, is renowned for its diverse geographical features, including mountains, rainforests, beaches, and coral reefs. Let’s explore the natural wonders of this Pacific paradise.

  • The Solomon Islands are located in the South Pacific, east of Papua New Guinea, and northeast of Australia.
  • The archipelago stretches over 1,500 kilometers (930 miles) from northwest to southeast.
  • Cover an area of Approximately 28,400 sq km.
  • The islands are characterized by rugged mountain ranges, dense rainforests, and fertile valleys.
  • Volcanic activity has shaped the landscape, resulting in several active and dormant volcanoes, such as Mount Makarakomburu and Kavachi.
  • The islands are surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, offering stunning coastal scenery, including pristine beaches and dramatic cliffs.
  • These Islands have numerous rivers and waterfalls, such as the Mataniko River and Tenaru Falls, which contribute to the lushness of the vegetation.
  • The archipelago is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, making it prone to earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.
  • The climate of the Solomon Islands is tropical, characterized by high humidity and consistent temperatures throughout the year, with an average temperature ranging from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).

Major Islands of Solomon

It consists of six major islands along with hundreds of smaller islands and atolls:

  1. Guadalcanal
  2. Malaita
  3. Makira
  4. Choiseul
  5. Santa Isabel
  6. New Georgia

Map of Solomon Island

Solomon Islands Map UPSC
Map of Solomon Islands

What is the Capital of Solomon Island?

The capital of the Solomon Islands is Honiara, which is situated on the island of Guadalcanal. Honiara serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country. It is home to government institutions, international embassies, commercial establishments, and a vibrant local community.

What is the Solomons Chain?

The Solomons Chain, also known as the Solomon Islands chain, refers to a group of islands and atolls located in the South Pacific. The chain stretches from the island of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea in the south to Nggela Islands in the north and includes the main islands of the Solomon archipelago.

The Solomons Chain consists of several major islands, including Guadalcanal, Malaita, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, and New Georgia. These islands are interconnected by a network of smaller islands and atolls, forming a diverse and geographically rich region.

Moreover, the chain is renowned for its natural beauty, with pristine beaches, lush rainforests, majestic mountains, and vibrant coral reefs. It offers a range of unique experiences, from exploring World War II historical sites and diving in breathtaking underwater landscapes to immersing oneself in the local culture and traditions of the diverse communities that call the islands home.

Historical Significance

The Solomon Islands have a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. Indigenous people, known as Melanesians, have inhabited the islands for centuries, maintaining their unique customs, languages, and traditions. The archipelago played a significant role during World War II, serving as a battleground between Allied and Japanese forces. Historical remnants, such as war relics and underwater wrecks, are still present, attracting history enthusiasts and divers from around the world.


In conclusion, the Solomon Islands is a captivating archipelago that offers a wealth of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical significance. With its diverse islands, pristine beaches, lush rainforests, and vibrant coral reefs, it is a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Additionally, the historical remnants from World War II add another layer of interest for history enthusiasts. Exploring the Solomon Islands through maps or in person allows one to appreciate the unique blend of nature and culture that this Pacific gem has to offer.

Thank You!

Where is Solomon Island located?

The Solomon Islands is located in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea and northeast of Australia. It is part of Melanesia, which is a subregion of Oceania.

What is the capital of Solomon Island?

The capital of the Solomon Islands is Honiara. It is located on the island of Guadalcanal, which is one of the main islands in the country.

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