The Religion of the Indus Valley Civilization | UPSC Prelims & Mains

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In this article, we will discuss the Religion of the Indus Valley Civilization for UPSC Prelims & Mains. However, there was three more civilization during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization. But, in this article, we will learn only about the religion of the Indus Valley Civilization.

What is the religion of the Indus Valley Civilization?

As per researchers, the followings are the religious condition of the Indus Valley Civilization.

  • Mother Goddess
  • Pashupati
  • Trees and Animal worship
  • Swastika

Which God did the Indus Valley civilization worship?

In Indus Valley Civilization, evidence of a Mother Goddess had been found, which means the people of IVC worshiped the mother goddess. Moreover, the female deity is regarded as the primary goddess.

Pashupati Seal founded in Mohenjo Daro contains a god image having three heads and is surrounded by elephants, tigers, and Rhinoceros. Below the Throne of God, there are a buffalo and two Dears.

Researchers also found that the people of IVC worship Linga and Yoni. Two images were founded in a stone. Moreover, Swastika was founded in Mohenjo Daro as a religious symbol of Hinduism.

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Evidence of Trees and Animal worship was excavated from various sites of IVC. Additionally, Dove was regarded as a Sacred Bird, the Pipal tree as a sacred tree, Tulsi as a sacred plant, and the Humped Bull as a holy animal.

Moreover, from Mohenjo Daro, Swastika has been founded as a religious symbol of Hinduism. Moreover, the bearded priest is also found in Harappan, regarded as a god at that time.

Square and rectangular talismans were built in bronze square and rectangular talismans were built in bronze. They have the figure of man and animal they have the figure of man and animal, on one side, and written words on the other side. These bronze talismans were used for medicinal and magic purposes.

Script of Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus people had knowledge of the script. The script is not able to get read. It was pictorially represented and it contains 400 letters. Moreover, letters do reflect the symbols and suggestive points. It was written from right to left and then left to right known as “Bousterpheton“.

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