Why was Cripps Mission Sent to India? Major Reason

Here you will get to know why was Cripps Mission Sent to India. What was the major reason behind this mission? So, let’s start.

The Cripps Mission was sent to India in 1942 during World War II. The British government, under Prime Minister Winston Churchill, was facing mounting pressure from the Indian independence movement, led by Mohandas Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.

The Indian leaders were demanding immediate independence, while the British government was not prepared to grant it. This led to a deadlock in the negotiations between the two sides.

Why was Cripps Mission Sent to India?

In an effort to break the impasse and address the demands of the Indian leaders, the British government sent a delegation led by Sir Stafford Cripps, a member of the War Cabinet, to India.

The main objective of the Cripps Mission was to secure the cooperation of the Indian leaders in the war effort and to offer them a constitutional proposal for the post-war period.

The Cripps Mission offered a constitution that would provide for the creation of a federal union of British India and the princely states, with power divided between the central government and the states.

The proposal also included provisions for the establishment of a constituent assembly to draft a constitution for the new union, with a majority of the members being elected from British India. The mission also offered to transfer the power to govern India to Indians as soon as possible after the war.

Proposal was Rejected

However, the proposal was rejected by the Indian National Congress, who felt that the offer did not go far enough in granting independence to India. The Congress leaders felt that the proposed federal union would not provide enough power to the Indian states and that the British government would still retain too much control over India.

The Cripps Mission ultimately failed to achieve its objectives and the deadlock between the British government and the Indian independence movement continued.

The mission, however, did serve to bring the Indian independence movement to the forefront of international attention and to increase the pressure on the British government to transfer power to India.


In the aftermath of the Cripps Mission, the independence movement in India continued to gain momentum, with increasing numbers of people joining the struggle for independence.

The demand for independence became more vocal and widespread, and the British government was eventually forced to transfer power to India in 1947.

In conclusion, the Cripps Mission was an important episode in the history of India’s struggle for independence. Although it failed to achieve its objectives, it served to bring the issue of the Indian independence to the forefront of international attention and to increase the pressure on the British government to transfer power to India.

The mission was a significant step in the journey toward India’s eventual independence from British rule.

We hope you understand why was Cripps Mission Sent to India.

Thank You!

Also Read: Quit India Movement

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