Alagar Kovil Temple: Azhagar Kovil or Kallazhagar Temple

Alagar Kovil Temple, also known as Azhagar Kovil or Kallazhagar Temple, is an ancient temple situated in the quaint village of Alagar Kovil, nestled at the foothills of Alagar hills and just 21 kilometers northeast of Madurai, the temple city of Tamil Nadu. This beautiful temple, dedicated to the supreme Lord Vishnu, is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the region, drawing devotees and tourists alike from across the country.

The temple’s Dravidian-style architecture, with its intricate sculpting and beautiful mandapams, is a marvel to behold. The natural lush green surroundings of the temple only add to its allure, making it a serene and tranquil place to visit. The temple is surrounded by beautiful gardens and trees that offer a sense of peace and tranquility to visitors.

A visit to Alagar Kovil Temple is a must for anyone visiting Madurai. The temple’s rich history and spiritual significance make it a deeply rewarding experience for those looking to connect with their spiritual side. Moreover, the temple’s stunning architecture and natural surroundings make it a feast for the eyes and a perfect place for photography enthusiasts.

Alagar Kovil Temple

The following are some factual points about the Alagar Kovil Temple:

  • The temple is located in the village of Alagar Kovil, which is around 21 km northeast of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is one of the important pilgrimage sites near Madurai.
  • The temple complex is spread over a vast area and has a massive gopuram (gateway tower) with intricate sculptures and colorful stucco figurines.
  • The temple is a fine example of the Dravidian style of architecture and has several mandapams (pillared halls) with stunning statues and murals.
  • The main deity of the temple, Lord Vishnu, is also known as Sundarabahu Perumal, Alagar, Sundararajan, and other names.
  • The idol of Lord Vishnu is made of pure gold and is a testament to the advanced artistry of the region.
  • The temple also houses the idol of Lakshmi, the divine consort of Lord Vishnu, who is also known as Kalyana Sundaravalli.
  • The temple is famous for its annual Chithirai Thiruvizha festival, which is celebrated during the Tamil month of Chithirai, and attracts a large number of devotees and visitors from all over the world.

History of Alagar Kovil Temple

According to historical accounts, the Azhagar Temple is believed to have been under the possession of the Pandya Emperors for a significant period of time, spanning from 1251 AD to 1563 AD. Researchers suggest that the temple was restored by the Malayathuvaja Pandyan, the son of Kulasekara Pandyan, who was responsible for renovating and expanding the temple’s architecture.

During his reign from 1251 AD to 1270 AD, Emperor Jadavarman Sundara Pandyan made a significant contribution to the temple’s architecture by constructing a Golden Vimana, which is believed to be one of the most significant highlights of the temple’s design.

Subsequently, the temple underwent several renovations and restoration works to preserve its beauty and soulfulness. The Great Emperor Krishnadevaraya from the Vijayanagara Dynasty, known for his patronage of the arts and architecture, was responsible for carrying out many of these works. The emperor’s efforts were aimed at ensuring that the temple retained its grandeur and splendor for generations to come.

While the exact period of the construction of the Alagar Kovil Temple remains unknown, it is believed to be an ancient temple, as its prominence is mentioned in various ancient Tamil Scriptures, as well as in the Puranas of other languages, such as the Murti, Talam, Theertham, Varaha Purana, Brahmanda Purana, and Vamana Purana.

The temple’s main deity is Lord Vishnu, who is believed to be incredibly handsome and is often referred to as Sundara Rajan in the Northern Languages. The temple’s intricate design and stunning architecture are a testament to the skills and craftsmanship of the artisans who built it, and the religious significance of the temple has attracted devotees and tourists alike from all over the world.

Architecture of Alagar Kovil Temple

  • The Alagar Kovil Temple is a prime example of the Dravidian style of architecture, known for its distinctive gopuram or gateway tower and colorful stucco figurines.
  • The temple is enclosed within massive granite walls and contains the stone image of the presiding deity, Lord Vishnu, along with his consort Lakshmi.
  • Visitors to the temple can also admire life-size sculptures of Narasimha, the lion-headed god who is considered an incarnation of Vishnu, battling a demon.
  • The temple complex is spread over a vast area and features a massive gopuram that is adorned with atypical Vijayanagara sculptures, similar to other important temples of South India.
  • One of the main attractions of the temple is the pillared mandapam, which is decorated with stunning statues and sculptures.
  • Historical records suggest that the temple was originally built by the Pandyan rulers and later expanded during the succeeding Nayaka rule.
  • The Kalyan mandapam, a structure within the temple premises, contains murals that represent Nayaka art. The temple idols are a testament to the unsurpassed craftsmanship of the artisans of that era, particularly the bronzes.

Chitra Festival

The Alagar Kovil Temple celebrates various festivals throughout the year, but one of the most important celebrations is the Chitra festival or Chithirai Thiruvizha. This festival is conducted during the Tamil month of Chithirai, and it involves carrying the idol of Lord Vishnu to the nearby river Vaigai.

The festival symbolically represents the Lord’s return from his sister Meenakshi’s wedding. During the festival, the temple premises and the surrounding areas are flooded with devotees and visitors who come to take part in the festivities. The Chitra festival is a significant event in the temple’s calendar and is celebrated with great fervor and devotion.

Apart from this, several other festivals like the Brahmotsavam, Aadi Pooram, Navaratri, Vaikunta Ekadasi, and Panguni Uttiram are also celebrated here. During these festivals, the temple premises are adorned with colorful decorations, and the air is filled with the sounds of music and chants. Thousands of devotees and tourists from all over the country come to witness these grand celebrations and seek the blessings of the divine deities.

Significance of Alagar Kovil Temple

  • The temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams, which are the holy abodes of Lord Vishnu, and is considered to be one of the most important pilgrimage sites in South India.
  • The temple is known for its intricate and beautiful Dravidian style of architecture, which attracts visitors interested in art and history.
  • The temple houses the pure gold idol of Lord Vishnu, which is believed to be one of the most precious and valuable idols in South India.
  • The temple is associated with several myths and legends related to Lord Vishnu and his relationship with the nearby city of Madurai and its ruler, Meenakshi.
  • The Chitra festival celebrated in the temple is a major attraction, and it is believed that participating in the festival can bring blessings and good fortune to the devotees.
  • The temple has been visited and praised by several prominent historical figures, including the poet-saints of the Tamil Bhakti movement and the emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire, Krishnadevaraya.


In conclusion, Alagar Kovil Temple is a significant Hindu temple located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is known for its Dravidian style of architecture, intricate carvings, and religious significance.

The temple attracts a large number of devotees and visitors during its festivals and is considered a must-visit for those interested in exploring the rich cultural and religious heritage of South India.

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What is the History of Alagar Kovil Temple?

The exact period when Alagar Kovil Temple was built is unknown, but it is believed to be ancient and mentioned in ancient Tamil scriptures and Puranas of other languages.

What is the architectural style of Alagar Kovil Temple?

Alagar Kovil Temple is a fine example of the Dravidian style of architecture, with a huge gopuram (gateway tower) and colorful stucco figurines. It also houses life-size sculptures of Narasimha – the lion-headed god regarded as the incarnation of Vishnu killing a demon.

What is the location of Alagar Kovil Temple?

Alagar Kovil Temple is located in the foothills of the Alagar Hills, near the city of Madurai in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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